In 2020, Canadians have not only suffered from a pandemic, but also from a noticeable climate change that will soon affect the social and economic structure if not acted upon immediately.
According to Canada’s Changing Climate report, there is a significant increase in the temperature rates across the country that will further rise in the future. In fact, it has escalated twice the rate compared to the rest of the world and Northern Canada three times.
Three of Canada’s political parties which include the majority government formed by the Liberal Party, the Official Opposition formed by the Conservative Party, and the Green Party of Canada expressed concerns regarding the climate emergency and represented an action plan for influencing this change in Canada.
Liberal Party of Canada put forward an ambitious plan that aims to help the country reach Net-Zero emissions by 2050, lower the release of CO2 into the air by putting a higher price on pollution, support the ecosystem through the two billion trees commitment, and invest in clean energy projects.
While the Liberal’s commitment to protect Canada from the climate crisis is ambitious and hopeful, the party fails to deliver tangible results. Canadian’s concerns regarding climate actions increased after the federal Liberal government’s purchase of Trans Mountain Pipeline in 2018, which is estimated to generate 400,000 tonnes of GHG per year according to Environment and Climate Change Canada. Canada’s communities are yet to see whether the action plan set by the Liberal party will decrease the extraction and emission of environmentally harmful factors.
The newly elected leader of the Official Opposition in Canada, conservative Erin O’Toole included a climate plan in his platform during the Conservative Party leadership race, as a response to the escalated worries of Canadians on the climate crisis.
According to The Narwhal, Coletto states that O’Toole confronts a tricky position as to how he can appeal to both the Canadians placed in fossil-fuel based territories and Canadians that are not.
The federal conservative leader is clearly opposed to the Liberal’s carbon tax prices. While O’Toole’s platform includes the establishment of a national price on GHGs emission, it fails to include objectives for emission reductions as stated by Thestar.
“You cannot continue to invest in a future for fossil fuels in this country and at the same time present yourself as a climate champion. The sooner we understand that and the sooner the public insists that the politicians be honest with them about it, the better”Annamie Paul, Leader of the Green Party of Canada, Retrieved from The Toronto Observer.
The Green Party’s vision for 2020 stands against the investment and support of fossil fuel pipelines such as the Trans Mountain Pipeline and perceives fossil fuel extraction operations as costly and dangerous. The Green leader’s campaign policies include a transition into a green economy, lessening the dependency on extractive industries in Canada, and prohibiting fracking activities. Through the strategy of the Green party’s “Mission: Possible – The Green Climate Action Plan”, there will be a visible shift to low-carbon regions, to the reliance on renewable energy sources, and to a greener economy.